A favorite in numerous countries for disability assistance, Labradors are often trained to assist those who have autism, the blind, to be therapy dogs, and conduct screening and detection work for law enforcement. These are prized hunting and sporting dogs.
Originally, what was called the St. John's water dog is now the Labrador Retriever. When the canines had been later introduced to England, they were named after the geographic region referred to as "the Labrador." These dogs had been known as Labrador Retrievers because they "retrieved." Also, they are called Labradors to distinguish them from the bigger Newfoundland breed.
The Labrador's ancestors actually came from
Newfoundland, Canada, and Labrador exceptionally, as is the breed known as the Newfoundland. The two breeds' names and origins had been mixed once moved into England and the Americas. The canine from Labrador became the large, long-furred dog we know these days, and that from Newfoundland became the Labrador.
In earlier years, Labradors of a yellow shade took on the name of its color, even though it was almost a butterscotch color. Eventually, the yellow Labrador was later called the Golden Labrador, after the UK Kennel Club officially changed it. The darker shades of gold and fox crimson were re-established by English breeders in the 80s as certain champion dogs passed down their genes. Chocolate Labradors weren't considered by the UK Kennel Club until the 20th century.
Labradors are medium-large in size. Males usually weigh between 65-80 lb (29-36 kg) and the females between 55-70 lb (25-32 kg). Show dogs of this breed are shorter and stockier and also have fuller faces than their Field counterparts, that are often bred as taller, lighter-framed, with somewhat less broad faces and a slightly longer snout. Nevertheless, Field Labradors should nonetheless be proportional and fit inside American Kennel Club standards.
Shedding is a common occurrence among this breed, occurring twice annually but also frequently throughout the year, in temperate climates. Some Labradors shed significantly. Labrador hair is generally short and straight. Their tail is quite broad and robust, and their webbed toes make them excellent swimmers. The webbing in between their toes becomes a "snowshoe" in colder climates, keeping snow from balling up in between their toes. Their interwoven coat can also be fairly water-resistant, providing much more help for swimming.
The Labrador Retriever's coat should not be wiry, but instead be short and dense. The coat is water-resistant. Therefore it doesn't get cold when getting in the cold water. That means the dog normally has a somewhat dry and oily coat. The head must be broad and its eyebrows slightly pronounced, and eyes expressive. The jaws, strong, and the muzzle not too tapered. The jaws should hang somewhat and curve gracefully back again. Appropriate eye colors are brown and hazel. The liner around the eyes ought to be black. The ears ought to hang near to the top and established somewhat above the eyes. Physique of the Labrador Retriever should be muscular and powerful.