By Dr. Jim Anderson
So right off the bat, let's get one thing straight: the Labrador Retriever is incorrectly named. It turns out that this breed of dog did not come from Labrador (the northerly region of the Canadian province of Newfoundland). Rather, the breed comes from Newfoundland in Canada.
It is believed that this part of Canada was populated with small water dogs which when they were bred with Newfoundlands produced a new breed of dogs that were called St. John's Water Dogs. You can think of this type of dog as being sorta an early version of what we today call the Labrador Retriever.
Initially this new breed of dog was used by local fishermen